July 15, 2024
Mplus at a Glance
General Description
Mplus Programs
Version History
System Requirements
Mplus Demo Version
Mplus Web Talks
Short Courses
Short Course Videos
and Handouts
Web Training
Mplus YouTube Channel
Mplus User's Guide
Mplus Diagrammer
Technical Appendices
Mplus Web Notes
User's Guide Examples
Mplus Book
Mplus Book Examples
Mplus Book Errata
Mplus Examples
Special Mplus Topics
Bayesian SEM (BSEM)
Complex Survey Data
DSEM MultiLevel Time Series Analysis
Exploratory SEM (ESEM)
Measurement Invariance
and Alignment
Mediation Analysis
Missing Data
Mixture Modeling
Multilevel Modeling
Randomized Trials
Structural Equation Modeling
Survival Analysis
Using Mplus via R -
Mplus plotting using R
H5 results
Chi-Square Difference
Test for MLM and MLR
Power Calculation
Monte Carlo Utility
Mplus Website Updates
Mplus Privacy Policy
VPAT/508 Compliance

Mplus FAQs

  • 1-1-1-1 indirect effect
  • 3-way interaction in two-level regression
  • Alignment R-square
  • ANOVA using SEM in Mplus
  • Bayes block diagonal covariance matrices
  • Bayesian analysis using the PX parameterization
  • BCH with direct effect from covariate to indicator
  • Between and Within covariance matrices
  • Between-level differences in within-level variances
  • Between-level residual for each cluster
  • Bi-factor compared to correlated factors model
  • Bi-factor model not identified for 6 items and 2 specific factors.
  • BIC citations of interest - how big a difference
  • Binary item measurement invariance testing
  • Blanks in the data - how to find them
  • Bootstrap P-value
  • Bootstrap problems
  • Bootstrap with WLSMV and TYPE=COMPLEX
  • BSEM input for groups and timepoints
  • CFI differences between programs
  • Class counts for between level latent class variable
  • Class counts with weights
  • Class order change using SVALUES
  • Class probabilities held equal across time
  • Class probabilities with Bayes
  • Condition number
  • Confidence intervals for estimated means in GMM
  • Correlations for categorical variables
  • Count regression with different length of exposure uses an offset - also for modeling proportions
  • Covariates analysis conditioned on covariates
  • Covariates bringing them into the model
  • Cross-level effect plotted by LOOP
  • Delta method and Sobel
  • Diagram without analysis
  • Different number of variables in different groups
  • Distal outcome regressed on an intercept growth factor at different time points
  • EFA - number of parameters
  • EFA with factors as indicators
  • ESEM with second-order factors
  • Estimator choices with categorical outcomes
  • Factor scores
  • First-order derivative message
  • G2 and Deviance
  • GLM with log link and Poisson regression for continuous variables
  • GMM analysis strategies
  • Hardware
  • Heckman modeling
  • ICC changes from one model to another
  • ICC in DSEM
  • ICCs for 3-level
  • IRT parameterization - when is it printed?
  • IRT parameterization for the graded response model
  • IRT parameterization using Mplus thresholds
  • K-means clustering versus LCA
  • Lambda is not compatible with the notion of simplicity of the rotation criterion
  • Latent change score modeling scripts
  • Latent variable decomposition of X in 2-level models with algorithm=integration
  • Latent variable interactions
  • Latent variable interaction LOOP plot
  • Level-2 R-square decreasing when adding level-1 covariate
  • LTA - Movers can stay
  • LTA Mover-Stayer - Why some Movers are staying
  • LTA predicting specific transitions
  • LTA with Movers-Stayers
  • LTA with transition probs varying as a function of covariates
  • Making an observed categorical variable u equivalent to a latent class variable c
  • Marginal Effects
  • MCAR testing for frequency table
  • MCMC iteration convergence in Mplus
  • Measurement Error In A Single Indicator
  • Mediation: Index of moderated mediation
  • Mediation: Indirect effect insignificant while both paths significant
  • Mediation: Effects using a 4-way decomposition
  • Mediation: Effects with ordinal outcome
  • Mediation: multiple mediators
  • Mediation: treatment of categorical mediator
  • Missing data indicator creation
  • Missing on x's
  • Missingness fraction
  • Moderated mediation short
  • Moderated mediation simulation
  • Mplus Command Line FAQ
  • Multilevel discrete-time survival analysis
  • Multilevel explained variance fixed and random
  • Multiple cohort GMM
  • Multiple group analysis using multivariate format: A DSEM Example
  • Multiple imputation using Bayes and ML
  • Multiple Imputation versus FIML
  • N vs N-1
  • Non-linear growth modeling - cosine
  • Non-recursive model not consistent
  • Numerical integration range
  • Odds ratio confidence interval from logOR estimate and SE
  • Odds ratio interpretation for categorical distal outcomes using DCAT
  • Odds ratio interpretation with a nominal DV in multinomial logistic regression
  • Odds ratios from thresholds of binary distal outcomes in mixtures
  • Odds ratios with asterisks and 999 for c ON x
  • Parallel process growth mixture model
  • Pause during Mplus analysis
  • Probabilities for nominal latent class indicators
  • Propensity score
  • R-square by McFadden
  • Random coefficient regression
  • Random variance - logv
  • Reciprocal interaction with categorical and continuous DVs inadmissible using ML
  • Reference group change in multiple-group scalar invariance
  • Regressing on a residual
  • Reliability - Omega coefficient in Mplus
  • Reliability - Cronbach's alpha
  • Reliability - binary and ordinal items
  • RI-CLPM Hamaker example
  • Saddle point
  • Saddle point technical documentation
  • Simple slopes testing
  • Skewness and kurtosis
  • Standardization in growth models
  • Standardized coefficient greater than 1
  • Standardized coefficient can have different significance than unstandardized
  • Standardized estimates for nominal, count and survival variables
  • Standardized estimates using DSEM
  • Standardized estimates with random slopes
  • TECH1 without analysis
  • TECH8 negative ABS changes
  • Testing 1 versus 2 factors
  • Testing factor models using MLR diff test
  • Testing of factor corr=1
  • TLI fit index: Unusual values
  • The variance of a dependent variable as a function of latent variables that have an interaction is discussed in Mooijaart and Satorra
  • Threshold placement in multilevel mixtures
  • Twolevel regression with singular between covariance matrix
  • Two-level vs single-level WLSMV
  • Two-part estimated means
  • UG ex11.5 imputation clarification
  • u-star scores
  • WARNING One or more individual-level variables have no within-cluster variance
  • Zero cells