ESEM Theory
 Asparouhov, T. & Muthén, B. (2009). Exploratory structural equation modeling. Structural Equation Modeling, 16, 397438.
Contact the second author. Paper can be downloaded from here.
ESEM Applications
 Howard, J., Gagné, M., Morin, A.J.S., Wang, Z.N., & Forest, J. (Accepted, 23 March 2016). Using bifactor exploratory structural equation modeling to test for a continuum structure of motivation. Journal of Management.Paper can be downloaded from here.
 Vazsonyi, A. T., Ksinan, A., Mikuska, J. & Jiskrova, G. (2015). The Big Five and adolescent adjustment: An empirical test across six cultures. Personality and Individual Differences, 83, 234244. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2015.03.049. View abstract.
 Morin, A.J.S., Arens, A.K., & Marsh, H.W. (Accepted, 22 August 2014). A Bifactor Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling framework for the identification of distinct sources of constructrelevant psychometric multidimensionality. Structural Equation Modeling.
 Aichholzer, J. (2014). Random intercept EFA of personality scales. Journal of Research in Personality, 53: 14. DOI: 10.1016/j.jrp.2014.07.001
 Kevin J. Grimm , Joel S. Steele , Nilam Ram & John R. Nesselroade (2013) Exploratory Latent Growth Models in the Structural Equation Modeling Framework,
Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 20:4, 568591, DOI: 10.1080/10705511.2013.824775.
 Herrmann, A., & Pfister, H. (2013). Simple measures and complex structures: Is it worth employing a more complex model of personality in Big Five inventories?
Journal of Research in Personality. DOI: 10.1016/j.jrp.2013.05.004.
 Morin, A.J.S., Marsh, H.W., & Nagengast, B. (2013). Chapter 10. Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling. In Hancock, G. R., & Mueller, R. O. (Eds.). (2013). Structural equation modeling: A second course (2nd ed.). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing, Inc.
Contact the first author.
Supplementary materials used in this chapter can be found here and here.
 Marsh, H. W., Nagengast, B., & Morin, A. J. S. (2012). Measurement invariance of bigfive factors over the life span: ESEM tests of gender, age, plasticity, maturity, and LaDolce Vita effects. Developmental Psychology. Advance online publication. DOI: 10.1037/a0026913.
Contact the first author.
 Marsh, H. W., Lüdtke, O., Muthén, B., Asparouhov, T., Morin, A. J. S., Trautwein, U. & Nagengast, B. (2010). A new look at the bigfive factor structure through exploratory structural equation modeling. Psychological Assessment, 22, 471491.
Contact the first author.
 Marsh, H.W., Muthén, B., Asparouhov, A., Lüdtke, O., Robitzsch, A., Morin, A.J.S., & Trautwein, U. (2009). Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling, Integrating CFA and EFA: Application to Students' Evaluations of University Teaching. Structural Equation Modeling, 16, 439476.
Contact the first author. Paper can be downloaded from here.
 Exploratory structural equation modeling. Recorded May 2, 2008. Click here to download the pdf and watch the movie.
 Click here for the Version 5.1 Language Addendum and Examples Addendum covering ESEM.
For more information, visit our General Description page.
