Mplus VERSION 7.4
MUTHEN & MUTHEN
06/04/2016  12:03 PM

INPUT INSTRUCTIONS

title: Hayes (2013) TEAMS Case 2 moderation of M -> Y

data:
file = teams.txt;

variable:
names = dysfunc negtone negexp perform;
usev = dysfunc negtone negexp perform mz;

define:
mz = negtone*negexp;

analysis:
estimator = ml;
bootstrap = 10000;

model:
perform on negtone dysfunc negexp mz;
negtone on dysfunc;

model indirect:
perform MOD negtone negexp(-0.4,0.6,0.1) mz dysfunc (0.4038 0.035);

output:
sampstat cinterval(bootstrap);

plot:
type = plot3;

Hayes (2013) TEAMS Case 2 moderation of M -> Y

SUMMARY OF ANALYSIS

Number of groups                                                 1
Number of observations                                          60

Number of dependent variables                                    2
Number of independent variables                                  3
Number of continuous latent variables                            0

Observed dependent variables

Continuous
NEGTONE     PERFORM

Observed independent variables
DYSFUNC     NEGEXP      MZ

Estimator                                                       ML
Information matrix                                        OBSERVED
Maximum number of iterations                                  1000
Convergence criterion                                    0.500D-04
Maximum number of steepest descent iterations                   20
Number of bootstrap draws
Requested                                                10000
Completed                                                10000

Input data file(s)
teams.txt

Input data format  FREE

SAMPLE STATISTICS

SAMPLE STATISTICS

Means
NEGTONE       PERFORM       DYSFUNC       NEGEXP        MZ
________      ________      ________      ________      ________
1         0.047        -0.032         0.035        -0.008         0.023

Covariances
NEGTONE       PERFORM       DYSFUNC       NEGEXP        MZ
________      ________      ________      ________      ________
NEGTONE        0.271
PERFORM       -0.108         0.268
DYSFUNC        0.084         0.015         0.136
NEGEXP         0.024        -0.047        -0.001         0.291
MZ             0.039        -0.059        -0.004         0.060         0.076

Correlations
NEGTONE       PERFORM       DYSFUNC       NEGEXP        MZ
________      ________      ________      ________      ________
NEGTONE        1.000
PERFORM       -0.400         1.000
DYSFUNC        0.438         0.078         1.000
NEGEXP         0.085        -0.169        -0.007         1.000
MZ             0.269        -0.411        -0.036         0.401         1.000

UNIVARIATE SAMPLE STATISTICS

UNIVARIATE HIGHER-ORDER MOMENT DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS

Variable/         Mean/     Skewness/   Minimum/ % with                Percentiles
Sample Size      Variance    Kurtosis    Maximum  Min/Max      20%/60%    40%/80%    Median

NEGTONE               0.047       0.981      -1.010    1.67%      -0.350     -0.150     -0.035
60.000       0.271       2.103       1.950    1.67%       0.050      0.450
PERFORM              -0.032      -0.061      -1.230    1.67%      -0.430     -0.080     -0.030
60.000       0.268       0.053       1.120    1.67%       0.120      0.370
DYSFUNC               0.035       0.830      -0.500    5.00%      -0.330     -0.080     -0.070
60.000       0.136       0.450       1.160    1.67%       0.030      0.390
NEGEXP               -0.008       0.083      -1.160    1.67%      -0.400     -0.160     -0.060
60.000       0.291      -0.829       0.930    6.67%       0.100      0.600
MZ                    0.023       1.090      -0.795    1.67%      -0.117     -0.020      0.004
60.000       0.076       5.612       1.170    1.67%       0.036      0.120

THE MODEL ESTIMATION TERMINATED NORMALLY

MODEL FIT INFORMATION

Number of Free Parameters                        9

Loglikelihood

H0 Value                         -74.074
H1 Value                         -70.861

Information Criteria

Akaike (AIC)                     166.148
Bayesian (BIC)                   184.997
(n* = (n + 2) / 24)

Chi-Square Test of Model Fit

Value                              6.425
Degrees of Freedom                     2
P-Value                           0.0403

RMSEA (Root Mean Square Error Of Approximation)

Estimate                           0.192
90 Percent C.I.                    0.035  0.367
Probability RMSEA <= .05           0.060

CFI/TLI

CFI                                0.872
TLI                                0.553

Chi-Square Test of Model Fit for the Baseline Model

Value                             41.668
Degrees of Freedom                     7
P-Value                           0.0000

SRMR (Standardized Root Mean Square Residual)

Value                              0.075

MODEL RESULTS

Two-Tailed
Estimate       S.E.  Est./S.E.    P-Value

PERFORM  ON
NEGTONE           -0.436      0.132     -3.297      0.001
DYSFUNC            0.366      0.195      1.876      0.061
NEGEXP            -0.019      0.103     -0.187      0.851
MZ                -0.517      0.243     -2.129      0.033

NEGTONE  ON
DYSFUNC            0.620      0.227      2.727      0.006

Intercepts
NEGTONE            0.026      0.059      0.434      0.664
PERFORM           -0.012      0.059     -0.201      0.840

Residual Variances
NEGTONE            0.219      0.052      4.242      0.000
PERFORM            0.185      0.032      5.743      0.000

TOTAL, INDIRECT, AND DIRECT EFFECTS BASED ON COUNTERFACTUALS (CAUSALLY-DEFINED EFFECTS)

Two-Tailed
Estimate       S.E.  Est./S.E.    P-Value

Effects from DYSFUNC to PERFORM for NEGEXP = -0.400

Tot natural IE      -0.052      0.050     -1.045      0.296
Pure natural DE      0.135      0.072      1.876      0.061
Total effect         0.083      0.075      1.102      0.271

Other effects

Pure natural IE     -0.052      0.050     -1.045      0.296
Tot natural DE       0.135      0.072      1.876      0.061
Total effect         0.083      0.075      1.102      0.271

Effects from DYSFUNC to PERFORM for NEGEXP = -0.300

Tot natural IE      -0.064      0.047     -1.360      0.174
Pure natural DE      0.135      0.072      1.876      0.061
Total effect         0.071      0.074      0.953      0.341

Other effects

Pure natural IE     -0.064      0.047     -1.360      0.174
Tot natural DE       0.135      0.072      1.876      0.061
Total effect         0.071      0.074      0.953      0.341

Effects from DYSFUNC to PERFORM for NEGEXP = -0.200

Tot natural IE      -0.076      0.045     -1.682      0.093
Pure natural DE      0.135      0.072      1.876      0.061
Total effect         0.059      0.074      0.795      0.427

Other effects

Pure natural IE     -0.076      0.045     -1.682      0.093
Tot natural DE       0.135      0.072      1.876      0.061
Total effect         0.059      0.074      0.795      0.427

Effects from DYSFUNC to PERFORM for NEGEXP = -0.100

Tot natural IE      -0.088      0.044     -1.987      0.047
Pure natural DE      0.135      0.072      1.876      0.061
Total effect         0.047      0.075      0.630      0.528

Other effects

Pure natural IE     -0.088      0.044     -1.987      0.047
Tot natural DE       0.135      0.072      1.876      0.061
Total effect         0.047      0.075      0.630      0.528

Effects from DYSFUNC to PERFORM for NEGEXP = 0.000

Tot natural IE      -0.100      0.044     -2.249      0.024
Pure natural DE      0.135      0.072      1.876      0.061
Total effect         0.035      0.076      0.465      0.642

Other effects

Pure natural IE     -0.100      0.044     -2.249      0.024
Tot natural DE       0.135      0.072      1.876      0.061
Total effect         0.035      0.076      0.465      0.642

Effects from DYSFUNC to PERFORM for NEGEXP = 0.100

Tot natural IE      -0.111      0.045     -2.451      0.014
Pure natural DE      0.135      0.072      1.876      0.061
Total effect         0.024      0.078      0.303      0.762

Other effects

Pure natural IE     -0.111      0.045     -2.451      0.014
Tot natural DE       0.135      0.072      1.876      0.061
Total effect         0.024      0.078      0.303      0.762

Effects from DYSFUNC to PERFORM for NEGEXP = 0.200

Tot natural IE      -0.123      0.048     -2.586      0.010
Pure natural DE      0.135      0.072      1.876      0.061
Total effect         0.012      0.080      0.146      0.884

Other effects

Pure natural IE     -0.123      0.048     -2.586      0.010
Tot natural DE       0.135      0.072      1.876      0.061
Total effect         0.012      0.080      0.146      0.884

Effects from DYSFUNC to PERFORM for NEGEXP = 0.300

Tot natural IE      -0.135      0.051     -2.664      0.008
Pure natural DE      0.135      0.072      1.876      0.061
Total effect         0.000      0.083      0.000      1.000

Other effects

Pure natural IE     -0.135      0.051     -2.664      0.008
Tot natural DE       0.135      0.072      1.876      0.061
Total effect         0.000      0.083      0.000      1.000

Effects from DYSFUNC to PERFORM for NEGEXP = 0.400

Tot natural IE      -0.147      0.054     -2.696      0.007
Pure natural DE      0.135      0.072      1.876      0.061
Total effect        -0.012      0.087     -0.137      0.891

Other effects

Pure natural IE     -0.147      0.054     -2.696      0.007
Tot natural DE       0.135      0.072      1.876      0.061
Total effect        -0.012      0.087     -0.137      0.891

Effects from DYSFUNC to PERFORM for NEGEXP = 0.500

Tot natural IE      -0.159      0.059     -2.697      0.007
Pure natural DE      0.135      0.072      1.876      0.061
Total effect        -0.024      0.091     -0.261      0.794

Other effects

Pure natural IE     -0.159      0.059     -2.697      0.007
Tot natural DE       0.135      0.072      1.876      0.061
Total effect        -0.024      0.091     -0.261      0.794

Effects from DYSFUNC to PERFORM for NEGEXP = 0.600

Tot natural IE      -0.170      0.064     -2.677      0.007
Pure natural DE      0.135      0.072      1.876      0.061
Total effect        -0.035      0.095     -0.375      0.708

Other effects

Pure natural IE     -0.170      0.064     -2.677      0.007
Tot natural DE       0.135      0.072      1.876      0.061
Total effect        -0.035      0.095     -0.375      0.708

CONFIDENCE INTERVALS OF MODEL RESULTS

Lower .5%  Lower 2.5%    Lower 5%    Estimate    Upper 5%  Upper 2.5%   Upper .5%

PERFORM  ON
NEGTONE         -0.726      -0.654      -0.621      -0.436      -0.188      -0.130      -0.030
DYSFUNC         -0.266      -0.101      -0.020       0.366       0.625       0.677       0.770
NEGEXP          -0.300      -0.229      -0.194      -0.019       0.143       0.173       0.245
MZ              -1.290      -1.068      -0.974      -0.517      -0.172      -0.112       0.021

NEGTONE  ON
DYSFUNC          0.110       0.217       0.276       0.620       1.029       1.108       1.251

Intercepts
NEGTONE         -0.123      -0.087      -0.069       0.026       0.126       0.146       0.187
PERFORM         -0.161      -0.128      -0.108      -0.012       0.085       0.103       0.136

Residual Variances
NEGTONE          0.100       0.119       0.130       0.219       0.301       0.318       0.354
PERFORM          0.095       0.111       0.120       0.185       0.226       0.236       0.260

CONFIDENCE INTERVALS OF TOTAL, INDIRECT, AND DIRECT EFFECTS BASED ON COUNTERFACTUALS (CAUSALLY-DEFINED EFFECTS)

Lower .5%  Lower 2.5%    Lower 5%    Estimate    Upper 5%  Upper 2.5%   Upper .5%

Effects from DYSFUNC to PERFORM for NEGEXP = -0.400

Tot natural IE    -0.188      -0.147      -0.128      -0.052       0.034       0.058       0.108
Pure natural DE   -0.098      -0.037      -0.007       0.135       0.230       0.250       0.284
Total effect      -0.158      -0.100      -0.070       0.083       0.179       0.195       0.223

Other effects

Pure natural IE   -0.188      -0.147      -0.128      -0.052       0.034       0.058       0.108
Tot natural DE    -0.098      -0.037      -0.007       0.135       0.230       0.250       0.284
Total effect      -0.158      -0.100      -0.070       0.083       0.179       0.195       0.223

Effects from DYSFUNC to PERFORM for NEGEXP = -0.300

Tot natural IE    -0.196      -0.157      -0.139      -0.064       0.014       0.033       0.077
Pure natural DE   -0.098      -0.037      -0.007       0.135       0.230       0.250       0.284
Total effect      -0.166      -0.112      -0.081       0.071       0.167       0.182       0.211

Other effects

Pure natural IE   -0.196      -0.157      -0.139      -0.064       0.014       0.033       0.077
Tot natural DE    -0.098      -0.037      -0.007       0.135       0.230       0.250       0.284
Total effect      -0.166      -0.112      -0.081       0.071       0.167       0.182       0.211

Effects from DYSFUNC to PERFORM for NEGEXP = -0.200

Tot natural IE    -0.206      -0.167      -0.150      -0.076      -0.005       0.011       0.046
Pure natural DE   -0.098      -0.037      -0.007       0.135       0.230       0.250       0.284
Total effect      -0.175      -0.123      -0.091       0.059       0.156       0.173       0.203

Other effects

Pure natural IE   -0.206      -0.167      -0.150      -0.076      -0.005       0.011       0.046
Tot natural DE    -0.098      -0.037      -0.007       0.135       0.230       0.250       0.284
Total effect      -0.175      -0.123      -0.091       0.059       0.156       0.173       0.203

Effects from DYSFUNC to PERFORM for NEGEXP = -0.100

Tot natural IE    -0.219      -0.179      -0.163      -0.088      -0.018      -0.008       0.017
Pure natural DE   -0.098      -0.037      -0.007       0.135       0.230       0.250       0.284
Total effect      -0.187      -0.135      -0.103       0.047       0.147       0.164       0.197

Other effects

Pure natural IE   -0.219      -0.179      -0.163      -0.088      -0.018      -0.008       0.017
Tot natural DE    -0.098      -0.037      -0.007       0.135       0.230       0.250       0.284
Total effect      -0.187      -0.135      -0.103       0.047       0.147       0.164       0.197

Effects from DYSFUNC to PERFORM for NEGEXP = 0.000

Tot natural IE    -0.230      -0.193      -0.175      -0.100      -0.031      -0.021      -0.003
Pure natural DE   -0.098      -0.037      -0.007       0.135       0.230       0.250       0.284
Total effect      -0.199      -0.147      -0.116       0.035       0.138       0.157       0.193

Other effects

Pure natural IE   -0.230      -0.193      -0.175      -0.100      -0.031      -0.021      -0.003
Tot natural DE    -0.098      -0.037      -0.007       0.135       0.230       0.250       0.284
Total effect      -0.199      -0.147      -0.116       0.035       0.138       0.157       0.193

Effects from DYSFUNC to PERFORM for NEGEXP = 0.100

Tot natural IE    -0.246      -0.208      -0.190      -0.111      -0.041      -0.031      -0.015
Pure natural DE   -0.098      -0.037      -0.007       0.135       0.230       0.250       0.284
Total effect      -0.212      -0.161      -0.129       0.024       0.129       0.150       0.188

Other effects

Pure natural IE   -0.246      -0.208      -0.190      -0.111      -0.041      -0.031      -0.015
Tot natural DE    -0.098      -0.037      -0.007       0.135       0.230       0.250       0.284
Total effect      -0.212      -0.161      -0.129       0.024       0.129       0.150       0.188

Effects from DYSFUNC to PERFORM for NEGEXP = 0.200

Tot natural IE    -0.267      -0.226      -0.206      -0.123      -0.049      -0.039      -0.020
Pure natural DE   -0.098      -0.037      -0.007       0.135       0.230       0.250       0.284
Total effect      -0.228      -0.177      -0.145       0.012       0.121       0.145       0.185

Other effects

Pure natural IE   -0.267      -0.226      -0.206      -0.123      -0.049      -0.039      -0.020
Tot natural DE    -0.098      -0.037      -0.007       0.135       0.230       0.250       0.284
Total effect      -0.228      -0.177      -0.145       0.012       0.121       0.145       0.185

Effects from DYSFUNC to PERFORM for NEGEXP = 0.300

Tot natural IE    -0.286      -0.242      -0.223      -0.135      -0.056      -0.043      -0.022
Pure natural DE   -0.098      -0.037      -0.007       0.135       0.230       0.250       0.284
Total effect      -0.244      -0.192      -0.160       0.000       0.115       0.140       0.183

Other effects

Pure natural IE   -0.286      -0.242      -0.223      -0.135      -0.056      -0.043      -0.022
Tot natural DE    -0.098      -0.037      -0.007       0.135       0.230       0.250       0.284
Total effect      -0.244      -0.192      -0.160       0.000       0.115       0.140       0.183

Effects from DYSFUNC to PERFORM for NEGEXP = 0.400

Tot natural IE    -0.310      -0.260      -0.241      -0.147      -0.061      -0.048      -0.023
Pure natural DE   -0.098      -0.037      -0.007       0.135       0.230       0.250       0.284
Total effect      -0.260      -0.210      -0.176      -0.012       0.109       0.134       0.180

Other effects

Pure natural IE   -0.310      -0.260      -0.241      -0.147      -0.061      -0.048      -0.023
Tot natural DE    -0.098      -0.037      -0.007       0.135       0.230       0.250       0.284
Total effect      -0.260      -0.210      -0.176      -0.012       0.109       0.134       0.180

Effects from DYSFUNC to PERFORM for NEGEXP = 0.500

Tot natural IE    -0.332      -0.282      -0.259      -0.159      -0.065      -0.051      -0.025
Pure natural DE   -0.098      -0.037      -0.007       0.135       0.230       0.250       0.284
Total effect      -0.281      -0.228      -0.196      -0.024       0.103       0.131       0.177

Other effects

Pure natural IE   -0.332      -0.282      -0.259      -0.159      -0.065      -0.051      -0.025
Tot natural DE    -0.098      -0.037      -0.007       0.135       0.230       0.250       0.284
Total effect      -0.281      -0.228      -0.196      -0.024       0.103       0.131       0.177

Effects from DYSFUNC to PERFORM for NEGEXP = 0.600

Tot natural IE    -0.358      -0.303      -0.279      -0.170      -0.070      -0.054      -0.026
Pure natural DE   -0.098      -0.037      -0.007       0.135       0.230       0.250       0.284
Total effect      -0.305      -0.247      -0.213      -0.035       0.098       0.127       0.175

Other effects

Pure natural IE   -0.358      -0.303      -0.279      -0.170      -0.070      -0.054      -0.026
Tot natural DE    -0.098      -0.037      -0.007       0.135       0.230       0.250       0.284
Total effect      -0.305      -0.247      -0.213      -0.035       0.098       0.127       0.175

PLOT INFORMATION

The following plots are available:

Histograms (sample values, estimated values, residuals)
Scatterplots (sample values, estimated values, residuals)
Moderation plots
Bootstrap distributions

DIAGRAM INFORMATION

Use View Diagram under the Diagram menu in the Mplus Editor to view the diagram.
If running Mplus from the Mplus Diagrammer, the diagram opens automatically.

Diagram output
c:\users\bengt 2013\documents\bengt\mplus runs\a book - topic 1 mplus runs\path analysis\hayes w

Beginning Time:  12:03:54
Ending Time:  12:03:58
Elapsed Time:  00:00:04

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